Let’s Compare the different editions of Vampire: The Masquerade
Probably the most striking difference in the Setting as presented in the various Editions of Vampire is how much more detailed and codified the presented setting became. Obviously, there's continuity between each Edition -- there's always a Camarilla, Sabbat, and Inconnu. There's a Prince, there's the Traditions, the Primogen, the Elysium. There are the Conclaves and the Justicars and...well, actually, that's about it. At least, that's about all there was in 1st.
I mean, granted, a bit more information was presented in the various by Night books and in the Storytellers Handbook. But, at it's core, the information is relatively sparse. In a way, it reflects a more wide open take on the setting. Take, for example, the brief information we have for the Primogen in 1st.
Many Elders invariable support the existing Prince, simply because they do not wish to risk turmoil. They have grown protective of their long lives, and they do all they can to provide themselves with a stable environment. They are extremely conservative in all that they do, for they seek only to survive, not to evoke change. This group of Elders has become known as the Primogen...Not quite the description we are used to seeing for such characters. No comment on their status of "Clan representatives," no concept as to how one becomes a Primogen, merely that they are a powerful force that supports the Prince, but out of their own, base, concerns.
By 2nd the Primogen have been altered a bit, into a group of fractious "advisers" who are the only Kindred in the city comparable to the Princes power. Of course, by the time 2nd came out, there were quite a few by Night books (Milwaukee by Night, Chicago by Night, and Alien Hunger) that that have given the players and Storytellers a certain sense of what to expect in a given City, and how they were "supposed" to be setup. And it is in Revised that this influence becomes most apparent.
In Revised certain roles are now heavily codified, and expected to be present in most if not all cities. These are:
- The Primogen -- now they are "assembled elders of each clan in a city."
- The Sheriff -- appointed by the Prince and approved by the Primogen, the Sheriff is the Prince's enforcer. Naturally named after the character of Balthazar in Chicago (dubbed "Sheriff" by the Anarchs he so vigorously hunted).
- The Harpies -- first made their appearance, I believe, in The Storytellers Handbook, and so named because the Prince hated the damn whispering and gossiping that the elders did about him. Now they are a slightly more organized group of "social managers."
- The Whip -- the Primogens aid, used to rally support during Clan meetings.
- The Seneschal -- the Princes right hand. Surprisingly, this is not an ally of the Prince nor one of his Childer (despite Neally from Chicago by Night being the Ur-example), but instead is apparently appointed or confirmed by the Primogen.
- The Keeper of Elysium -- well, at least the Prince can appoint the Keeper, who gets to decide if Friday night is a Toreador art show or a Brujah debate club.
- The Scourge -- and the Prince can appoint the Scourge, who has the authority to slay any Kindred in the city who hasn't presented themselves to the Prince.
V20 includes most of the positions in Revised, but adds details on the Archons, the Alastors, and of course the various positions within the Sabbat. As the Sabbat as a playable Sect is a bit outside this series of posts, I don't really have much to say about these additions. Except to note the oddity that the Seneschal has been dropped from the various positions within the Camarilla. I suppose the Princes got sick of fighting over who would be their assistant, and just made a childe or an ally do it without the benefit of a fancy title. Also gone is the Whip, to no ones remorse.
Oh, and the Sheriff now has "Hounds" who aid him. I suppose "Deputies" would have been a bit too on the nose, but "Constable" would have been valid. Well, you know vampires, no respect for history.
My personal theory is there was a force working to ensure a certain degree of "sameness" and conformity on the Setting, and it had nothing to do with the Camarilla. Or, wait, maybe it did. There was a fan club called The Camarilla (Minds Eye Society). They were (are?) primarily focused on the Live Action Roleplaying part of the fandom, and held a lot of influence over the direction of the game. In many ways, this was a positive thing--Vampire had, and still has, some of the most dedicated and engaged fans of any RPG, and the LARP community is a huge part of that.
As such, there was a need to define and give mechanical game support to such a position as "gossipy elder." In theory, this shouldn't have been necessary. The gossips who get together and talk about everyone else until they reach an unofficial, but not less authoritative, decision on the behaviors in question just...happens. It happens in High Schools with the stereotypical "Mean Girls." It happens in politics with the "Pundits" (yes, Bill O'Reilly and Rachel Maddow are OUR Harpies). It happens at any sufficiently large organization or group, no matter how unoffical or nebulous such a group is. In many ways, these gossips are the glue that hold a group together.
In fact, I'm fairly confident that the major changes in the game from 2nd to Revised are due in large part to the influence of the Live Action community. The decline of the Anarchs from "default characters" to "one option out of many, and a poor one at that"? Well, yeah, because you had people playing the Primogen and the Harpies. When rage against the machine, when you can be one of the well-compensated elite? The switch of the game from Personal Horror with politics as the back drop to a political game with horror tropes? It's hard to do Personal Horror when you have a hundred other people at your house, and they're all playing together.
I sometimes wonder what would have happened if the game hadn't gone the way it had. Obviously, any game is going to add details and nuance and more information to its setting as time goes by; it's the nature of the publishing beast, and the fans will often demand it. But what if it had stayed with the more flexible and vague setting of 1st, and kept its focus on Personal Horror rather than pure politicking, or ignored the great Sect Wars that came to dominate the game later in its run? To some extent, the answer is Vampire: The Requiem, but that game never satisfied me. Or, more accurately, never inspired me the way that Masquerade has been able to, even after all these years.